The Civil Registration System in India goes back to the center of the nineteenth century. In the Independent India; the Parliament enacted the law called Registration of Births and Deaths Act (RBD Act), 1969, which was enforced in most parts of the country in 1970. The Act gives a uniform law to obligatory registration of births and deaths across the nation. However, keeping seeable the diversity of the country, it permits State Governments to formulate rules for its implementation and appointment of assorted functionaries. The implementation of the law is the duty of the State Governments.
The Government of India is a signatory to the United Nations Convention of the Rights of the Children, 1989 that perceives birth registration as one of the fundamental privileges of a kid.
Administration of India is examining the planning of a National Population Register and issue identity cards to the people. The refreshing of the populace register for every one of the birth and death that happens in the nation regular requires a efficient civil registration system that enrolls each birth and death. In any case the Population Register would become obsolete not long after it is readied. Information for these reasons must be accessible from a totally utilitarian Civil Registration System. Subsequently it is in light of a legitimate concern for the individual and the general public to guarantee enlistment every births and deaths.
Reasons for Low Level Registrations:
Lack of public awareness and no demand for civil registration documents (birth/death certificates) is probably the greatest test and the explanation behind low degrees of registration. Utilization of interchange reports, for example, school leaving certificates, voter’s identity cards, and so on. as verification of date and place of birth is far reaching. Notwithstanding, much of the time such reports are not founded on undeniable realities and depend on unverified data. As levels of registration are low, authorities are hesitant to demand registration reports for various services. This has brought about such an endless loop – low registration is coming about because of absence of interest for registration records while registration archives are not demanded because of low degree of registration.
The information in birth and death registers is not linked to other services and programmes. This has resulted in the potential in these data remaining largely unutilized. While inaugurating the National Campaign on Birth Certificates, President Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam stressed the responsibility and need to link the registration to other programs of the state with regard to birth registration. He said, “Children are our greatest wealth. Every child born in the nation should be allowed to blossom. This is the responsibility of the state. To enable us to fulfill this responsibility the first action is identification of the child soon after its birth. This should be correlated to the nutritional programme, immunization programme, pre-education programme, educational programme, healthcare programme leading to the development of an enlightened citizen who will become an asset for national development”.
Inadequate budget allocation by state governments for the civil registration service is another reason for low levels of registration. It is antagonistically influenced accessibility of writing material for example adequate structures, and so forth. Manpower for registration work as well as inspection and management, handling of and spread of the information, and so on. Taking into account that the registration work is dealt with by functionaries of different divisions of the legislature alongside the exercises of their area of expertise, it is important that satisfactory consideration is given by those divisions for preparing and labor advancement in a coordinated way.
Initiative from Government:
The office of the Registrar General, India has taken several steps to vitalize the Registration System and also to generate public awareness regarding registration. Some of the most important steps are given below.
1. National Campaign on Birth Certificates
The National Campaign on Birth Certificates is one of the most significant activities that have been ever taken up. This exceptional crusade propelled on 14 November, 2003, (Children's Day) by the President of India has a target of giving birth certificates in a "campaign mode" to all kids less than 10 years in a staged way.
The National Campaign was proposed on the grounds that a large portion of the Registrars were not giving Birth Certificates for nothing out of pocket on registration inside 21 days as ordered by the RBD Act. It was felt that non-giving of birth registration was negatively affecting the open's observation on registration as the general population didn't get anything from the framework right away. It was additionally felt that a Government crusade for giving birth certificate would not just assistance clear the excess and create mindfulness among general society, yet would likewise improve the open observation about the administration conveyance instrument of the Government. This would additionally help in improving execution of different projects dealt with by similar field functionaries.
2. Million plus cities
The enormous urban communities of the nation represent too much of births as individuals from outside the urban communities utilize the medical facility accessible in that. Taking into account this the working of the civil registration system in the huge urban communities ought to be models for others to follow. In this way there is a need to build up the framework in these urban communities as right on time as could be expected under the circumstances. With this view, the ORGI began an annual conference of the million or more urban communities on civil registration from 2002 wherein the agents of the 27 municipal corporation with populace over one million can trade data, thoughts, and so on.
A National Consultation on Improving Birth Registration was organized in March 2004 as a team with UNICEF. Comparative state level counsels have been proposed and the one for Madhya Pradesh has been finished. Those for Rajasthan, Uttaranchal, Uttar Pradesh and Chhattisgarh are probably going to be organized soon.
4. Birth Registration Advisors
With the help from UNICEF, administrations of Birth Registration Advisors were given to around 150 areas to sharpening the civil registration machinery about their obligation under the Act and assist them with smoothing out the registration work. They worked in each region for a month on a normal.
Significantly following a range of 50 years of implementation of the provision of this Act the current measurements show enlistment figures as less as 55% of the births and 46% of the deaths. As far as numbers around 26 million births that happen in a year, out of which around 14 million just are enrolled. There is impressive variety in the degree of enrollment over the states in the nation. In the States of Kerala, Goa and Union Territory of Punditry practically all births get enlisted. In Maharashtra, Punjab, Tamil Nadu and West Bengal over 90% of the births are enlisted with Karnataka and Haryana not far behind with around 75 percent of the births getting enrolled. Though just about 20% of the births were being enrolled in Bihar in 1995 and the circumstance has not improved. Indeed, even in states with significant levels of birth registration, demise registration levels fall behind.